On how the facade of the house looks like, the opinion of people about its “filling” depends. Facing allows you to give the architectural composition completeness, to make landscape design perfect, to combine all the elements on the site into a single harmonious composition.
How to make the house "smart"?
The visual perception of the facade is influenced by many factors. The right color is important. Dark chocolate tones, natural "stone" textures give solidity and high cost, multicolor mosaic makes the exterior colorful and unusual.
Beige cladding even on the dark side of the house will look elegant. The front tile "broken stone" with multi-colored inclusions will allow you to make a simple facade devoid of additional decorative elements, more complex in architecture and stylistic composition.
The texture can also give some respectability to the building, save the facade from monotony and dullness. The simplest facade tile with a pleasant glossy sheen instantly transforms the "face of the house." Decorating the walls with natural stone or the use of porcelain parts will give a special festive look to the facade.
Before embarking on the beautification of the walls, it is necessary to decide which material to deal with. Facing the facade of the house can be a variety of materials:
- Plastic (all sorts of polymer options, high-quality and aesthetically perfect PVC, including the "budget" mosaic ");
- Siding at home (beautiful modern flexible composition for walls);
- Facade tiles made of concrete;
- Wooden wall decor;
- Fake diamond;
- Facing natural stone (the most popular front marble tile);
- Front tile under the brick;
- Polymer sand facade tile;
- Brick tile (brown, multi-color, gray, white, beige tones).
There are other options. Each type of materials has its own special qualities, requires proper preparation of working surfaces, and also has its own nuances and subtleties of installation.
Tile for finishing "hog"
Ceramic facade tiles "hog" is incredibly popular. The special design allows you to store and transport goods with particular convenience.
Rectangular elements of a small size very fond of the master of the USSR. Almost every new house was tiled with tiles. On some buildings of that time canvases are still preserved. Finishing facade tiles of this type is becoming more popular today.
Manufacturers give products an elegant shape. Now it is a real decorative facade tiles, with a special texture, color. All kinds of "hog" are used to highlight the basement of the house. Facing will help to decorate the porch beautifully outside, as well as decorate the aesthetic gable.
If a straight or diagonal seam is used to lay the usual tile, then the “pig” can be laid in other ways. For example, you can lay the elements in a run, with the displacement of the seams or fix the tile in a vertical position.
The clinker facade cladding tile is produced in the form of compact rectangles (for example, "Canyon" facade tile). There is a square shape, as well as complex geometric types. In order to create clinker tiles, special types of clay are used and they are subjected to intensive high-temperature firing.
Clay mass is not pressed, and use an innovative method of extrusion. This ensures high density. Tiled material has excellent strength characteristics.
Laying clinker tiles is possible even in the form of a mosaic composition. Complex geometric shapes allow the use of a similar lining for refining steps, pools, complex architectural elements that complement the facade of the building. The brick tile is good for work with internal and external corners. Besides clinker is the most popular front socle tile.
The most common clinker unglazed tiles. Also, it is rarely enameled. Despite this, similar facade tiles for exterior finish with durability and resistance to mashing takes almost leading positions, imitating the quality of marble.
It is worth mentioning an interesting combination of clinker facade tiles and thermopanels. Such a combination of materials allows not only to aesthetically enrich the facade of any house, but also to substantially warm the building.
The effect of significant insulation is achieved due to the special composition of thermopanels. For their manufacture will need polyurethane, marble chips and sand. At the end of the installation of a soft warming base, a clinker facade tile is installed on the walls, the characteristics of which please in all positions.
Cotto is a ceramic facade tile that has a particularly porous and unusual structure. For the production of a careful selection of clay, and then carry out temperature processing using very high temperatures.
Finishing ceramics of this type is not supplemented with enamel coating. Products only grind and polish. In addition to the traditional rectangle, for the exterior walls are produced elements in the form of triangles, small and large squares, diamond shape, as well as in the form of polyhedra.
The front tile is smooth and pleasant to the touch. It introduces a special charm and a touch of antiquity to the decorated architectural elements. Traditional colors are presented in these colors:
Facade tiles "under the brick", mosaic, artificial stone - with the help of "cotto" you can implement many ideas. It is noteworthy that the lining with this material is carried out not only for the facade, but also for the walls inside the room.
Tile porcelain tile appeared relatively recently, but has already managed to gain unprecedented popularity. For the production of products using granite chips, expanded clay and a number of additives.
It is believed that this type of finish is the most convenient in terms of installation. How to fix the facade tile knows every beginner master. Moreover, it is this material for the decoration of walls that perfectly tolerates low temperature. It is possible to make out any external surfaces with porcelain stoneware.
Another important advantage is the expressed aesthetic value. Often, porcelain stoneware imitates natural textures so skillfully that it can replace any artificial stone.
The disadvantage is the fact that a mosaic of such elements is likely to fail. Facing from a similar tile turns out in the end to be quite heavy in weight, so you should not draw lightweight construction with the material.
Concrete tile for the facade
Concrete facade tile is an excellent facing material. Plain gray tiles can complement the exterior of private property, as well as give respectability to administrative buildings.
Concrete facade tile consists of the following components:
- A substance for the ligament (usually Portland cement);
- Quartz sand as a filling base;
- The additional filler, allowing to facilitate weight of future products;
- Additives to improve product performance.
High-quality product is fully capable of replacing artificial stone. The tiles are painted in different colors, giving different surface textures.
Cement and gypsum decorative stone
Today you can find many options for imitation of natural textures. Most often, these are cement products and gypsum tiles. Many buyers confuse these two types of finishing materials; therefore, finishing is considered as a comparative characteristic.
Facade tiles with cement-based insulation also consist of the following components: Portland cement, sand, elements for reinforcement, colored pigments, pumice stone, expanded clay aggregate, ceramic inclusions. Gypsum "artificial stone" form the gypsum itself with various fillers, plasticizers and pigments.
Although plaster is valued for its flexibility and pleasant texture, but it is very afraid of moisture. It is not used for facades in "pure form". After installation, the surface must be coated with protective compounds.
Gypsum elements are lighter than bituminous facade tiles or ceramic granite facade tiles with metal fixings. That is why it is realistic to create quite complex compositions from it, without weighing down the wall. But cement tile needs a special solution with increased adhesion. It may also take more time to dry the entire composition.
Nuances of thermal insulation
It is worth noting that the finishing of the walls of the house and the insulation of the house are two processes that are interconnected with each other. Regardless of which decorative material was chosen (mosaic, porcelain stoneware, natural stone, tile), it is necessary to warm the walls with the help of auxiliary materials.
Most often, they are insulated at home with foam plastic or polystyrene foam. Sometimes they can combine fragments of foam with other heaters. Some plastic finishing material in itself is a heater, as well as some types of decorative plaster. It is better to discuss the nuances regarding the insulation of the house with experienced specialists.